Everyone wants to be active, do sports and go hiking. At least, each of those who read this text. But you must understand that hiking is characterized by increased strain on the body and autonomy. On the basis of these two factors, there is a list of medical contraindications for active sports, in particular hiking. It is given below.
But maybe I can still go hiking?
Yes, in some cases you can. Namely, if you are fully able to control the course of the disease yourself, and it does not prevent you from being active in the city. This includes control in case of unexpected exacerbations. After all, how is hiking different from regular sports? Only autonomy. Hence, the requirement for complete control.
Diseases in acute, uncontrollable states cannot be controlled. For example, progressive renal failure, hypertension with rapid spikes in blood pressure, etc.
I have a contraindication from the list, but I want to go hiking – what should I do?
- Make sure you are not in an acute stage of the disease, and you have it under complete control.
- Alert us to the presence of the ailment.
- Go to your doctor and talk to them. Tell them where you are going, for how long. Let your doctor give you permission to go on the trip.
- It is necessary to have a sufficient amount of necessary medications and know what to take in case of an aggravation.
- Take out good insurance, which includes medical expenses, transportation costs, accidents.
The list of medical contraindications for which it is prohibited to go to the mountains:
1. Any illness in the acute or subacute stage.
2. Mental illnesses that make it difficult to contact the individual.
3. Malignant neoplasms with pain syndrome.
4. Diseases of the cardiovascular system:
- Coronary heart disease (CHD);
- Angina pectoris;
- Past myocardial infarction (less than 6 months ago);
- Cardiac and aortic aneurysms;
- Large vessel aneurysms;
- Stage IIA or higher circulatory insufficiency;
- Cardiac rhythm disorders: atrial fibrillation, tachycardia, frequent extrasystoles;
- Hypertensive disease of the 3rd degree (pressure is higher than 180/110 mm Hg).
5. Diseases of the respiratory system:
- Bronchial asthma with recent asthmatic status;
- Bronchiectatic disease of degree 2-3;
- Respiratory insufficiency of degree 2-3 (dyspnea more than 28/min at rest);
- Allergies to plants, pollen;
- Tuberculosis - active form;
6. Liver diseases:
- Acute and subacute hepatitis;
- Other liver diseases with insufficient function.
7. Kidney Diseases:
- Glomerulonephritis (acute/subacute stage), exacerbation of chronic;
- Pyelonephritis with exacerbation;
- Renal stone disease with the presence of renal colic;
- Chronic renal insufficiency of 1 to 3 degrees.
8. Diseases of endocrine glands with pronounced dysfunction.
9. Diabetes mellitus at the stage of incomplete compensation.
10. Thrombophlebitis, thrombosis, tendency to hypercoagulation.
11. Tendency to bleeding of any etiology.
13. Blood Diseases :
- Anemia of moderate to severe degree;
- Thrombocytopenic purpura;
- Leukemia and other malignant diseases of the blood system.
14. Diseases of joints:
- Joint ankylosis (knee, intervertebral);
- Deforming osteoarthritis with significant insufficiency of function;
- Tuberculosis of joints and bones;
15. GI diseases:
- Ulcer disease with exacerbation, or presence within the past 3 weeks of: pain syndrome, or persistent nausea, or intermittent vomiting, or bleeding;
- Applesauce or vomiting within 3 days prior to hike (except foodborne toxicosis).
17. Infectious diseases.
18. Pregnancy (by condition - a relative contraindication).
19. Purulent processes in any localization.
20. Epilepsy (large seizures).
21. Prolonged fever of unknown cause.
22. Rheumatism active phase, with heart defects, organ and joint complications.
List of diseases is taken from 7ways.com.ua